In every country, there are laws enacted by the government to regulate and keep in check on the media and the communication industries. These laws provide guidelines along which the communication industries operate and breaching of these laws is an offense that is liable to punishment under the directives of courts of laws (Zajácz). The radio communication industries are one area where these laws operate. These laws cover both the private and publicly owned radio communication industries. This essay will look into details on the American radio laws and regulation enacted on the 13th, August 1913 when radio industry was becoming popular to a point the Federal Communication Commission was formed in the United States of America.
The first law on radio addressed the users; it stated that not any company, person or corporation within and around the jurisdiction of the United States of America to use radio apparatus for communication with the main of commercial interest among the several states and even the foreign nations alike. To persons, corporation and companies under usage of the radio signal that could cause interference of messages from and within the United States of America jurisdiction could only do so under license. In the provision, the, therefore, shall not go beyond the jurisdictions of the United States of America, or even interfere with the signals and messages from beyond the said jurisdiction. Also the named users found guilty and convicted are liable to punishment by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, and the devices unlawfully used shall be forfeited to the United States.
Section 2 of the act was to the license. It stated that every license shall be determined by the secretary of labor and commerce and shall contain the said restrictions and the pursuant to the Act upon which the license is granted. In addition, the license shall be only issued to the citizens of the United States, or companies founded under laws of the United States of America and that the license shall state the location and type ownership upon which the said apparatus are to be installed and operated. In the license too, the purpose for the station to which the apparatus are used shall be determined including the dates and nature of operation shall be stated in the license. That every license in time of war or public peril can be canceled and radio communication closed by order from the president of the United States of America and the owners too are liable to compensation.
Section three of the same act was on the apparatus used for radio communication in the United States of America. It states that apparatus used in transmission of radio signal shall be under the supervision of person or company and that the said users must observe the license provided by the secretary of commerce and labor Acts of the United States of America in their dealings. Failure to comply with the regulation of the license the operators are liable to punishment and penalties.in addition they may suffer the suspension of the license in question and the period will be as fixed by the secretary of labor and commerce not exceeding a period of one year. Further, it is spelled that it will be illegal to employ any unlicensed person to operate the radio transmission apparatus. And that any individual violating the provision of the act will be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction they are liable to punishment by imprisonment, not more than two months or by a fine that does not exceed one hundred dollars.
On regulation, it states that all the stations shall be regarded to establish a certain definite range of normal wavelength for sending and receiving waves and that the wavelength shall not go beyond six hundred meters or not exceed one thousand six hundred meters (Ronald & David, 1992). To the station along the coastal regions open to the public must be ready receive information from such wavelengths as per the Berlin Conventions. To the ships in their operation on the coastal radio stations open to the public shall be allowed to operate by sending wavelengths of six hundred meters or the three hundred meters as per the international convention force. In provision, the secretary of commerce and labor takes charge to limit the two wavelengths of operation by the international agreement made by the United States.
The eleventh regulation was of importance as it stated the boundaries of intercommunication. It stated that any shore station open to the general public service should exchange radiogram with stations within the shoes and the ship stations too without destruction of the radio system used by such stations. In addition, that each station is authorized to exchange information and messages with other stations on the shipboard without the radio systems adopted by the said stations destructed (Leblebici & Huseyin, 1991). In time of their operational hours, the said stations have a duty to listen to other stations for a period of not less than fifteen minutes during which receivers are turned to receive information of wavelengths of three hundred meters for the period of not less than two minutes.
Penalties for breaching the regulation states that for breaching the regulation on the license of the apparatus, the person is liable to punishment by fine of one hundred dollars which is subject to change by the secretary of commerce and labor act. Another penalty for violation of section three, the operator is liable to a fine of twenty –five dollars, which is under regulation by the secretary of commerce and labour, and that to operators who violates the acts reportedly; their licenses are revoked or suspended.
The communications acts of 1934 were a federal law enacted by the United States and signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This act was later replaced by the Federal Communication Commission to provide regulation of foreign and interstate commerce in communication by radio and wire and to provide, efficient, rapid, nationwide and worldwide radio, and wire communication possible for the citizens of America. This laws and regulation were enacted sine technology was changing so first hence the need for both the wireless and wired communication technology to be adapted to provide communications for interstates.
One of the challenges that face the law is on the criminal activities of radio transmission (Collins & David, 1992). That is why there were various amendments made to the law so that currently it is an offence for the States law enforcers to use jamming devices to stop criminal activities and terrorist acts in tracking their signals using the radio waves (Collins & David, 1992). In summary, these laws have governed the United States communication industries drawing for them their line of operation thus protection their radio communication system from the ill intended users. These laws have come to change of communication in the stated to the benefits of the entire nation.